Paktia University founded in year 2004 based on request of Ministry of Higher Education of Afghanistan and approval of Islamic Republic Government of Afghanistan.
Till year 2011 there were only two faculties (Education and Agriculture) activated at Paktia University, then in year 2011 Aryana Private University which was located in Peshawar City and had three faculties( Medical, Engineering, Law and Political Science) merged with Paktia University
Also in this year (2013) Languages and Literature Faculty activated at Paktia University and two more faculties (Economics and Evening shift Faculty) going to activate in the next year (2014).
In year 2013 the total enrolment reaches 4056 students in which 107 are females.
According 2013 organizational structure of Paktia University, there are 154 lecturers, 36 lecturers of them have gone internal and foreign universities for completion Master’s and Doctoral program , 6 of them returned back after completion theirs Master Program and are teaching now at the university.
Paktia University has facilities of Electronic and Vocational Library, IT Center, Auditorium and classrooms for the students and lecturers. Laboratory for scientific subjects activated at Education Faculty of Paktia University.